The Kimberley Process Certification System (SCPK/KPCS) was established in 2003, in the city of Kimberley (South Africa), as the international mechanism to prevent conflict diamonds from entering the mainstream rough diamond market.
According to the Process core documents, more than 80 Countries, with the European Union counting as a single participant, are members. The agreement states that all participants must issue a non-forgery certificate for rough diamonds as a valuable contribution against trafficking in conflict diamonds around the world.
The Process also reinforces the minimum requirements to all participants to ensure effective implementation and improvement of internal system of controls for rough diamonds trade.
As a country, Angola pioneered the implementation of the rough diamonds certification strategy and held the Chairmanship of the Kimberley Process in 2015.